Table 1. Description of residential area of respondents. Year represents the year that nature conservation was first established in the area.


Study area

Geographic
location

Municipality

Conservation area

Year

Size of the conservation area

Tourists/yr
Northern Kuusamo 66°17’ 29°22’ Kuusamo Oulanka National Park 1956, extended 1982 and 1989 277 km² 173,000 (Metsähallitus 2006)
Southern Kuusamo 65°36’ 29°33’ Kuusamo Network of conservation areas 1998 200 km² 17,000 (M. Tapaninen, personal communication)
Sarajärvi 65°43’ 27°30’ Pudasjärvi (Taivalkoski, Posio) Syöte National Park 2000 299 km² 34,000 (Metsähallitus 2006)
Ruka 66°07’ 29°13’ Kuusamo ... ... ... 350,000 (Finnish Tourist Board 2005)
Syötekylä 65°31’ 27°58’ Pudasjärvi ... ... ... 31,000 (Finnish Tourist Board 2005)
Downtown Kuusamo 65°56’ 29°15’ Kuusamo ... ... ... ...