Table 3. Salient information concerning the three communities studied (adapted from Millington and Bradley 2008). Note, in previous publications, the communities have been given the names of Caracas (I), Bogotá (II), and Arequipa (III).


Community Area (ha) Altitude (m.a.s.l.) Number of properties Number and % of farmers interviewed Year of first settled Prevailing economic activities
2000–2003
Community I 1745 220 110 14 (13%) 1963 Banana, mandarin, and orange cultivation
Community II 3196 250–350 90 16 (18%) 1972 Ranching: beef and dairy
Community III 1220 250 60 13 (22%) 1983 Banana, black pepper, cassava, heart of palm, and rice cultivation