Table 4. The results of model fit.

Parameter Model A† Model B‡
Number of crisis cases 82 82
Degrees of freedom 4 4
Chi-square 4.049 3.702
Model P 0.339 0.448
Degrees of freedom/chi-square 1.012 0.926
Comparative fit index 0.998 1.000
Root mean square error of approximation
(90% confidence interval)
0.012 (0.000–0.169) 0.000 (0.000–0.162)
Akaike information criterion§ 50.049 65.702

†The baseline model.
‡The model in which crisis surprise is controlled.
§To compare models, a smaller Akaike information criterion indicates better fit.