Table 1. Performance of biodiversity goal-setting methods on seven conditions (in columns) for effective use in multifunctional landscape planning.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7
Low-level ecological expertise suffices Ecosystem based, with species requirements Suitable for regions with fragmented ecosystems Shifts between aspiration levels for biodiversity Application in multifunctional landscapes possible Up- and downscaling easy Adaptable in local setting
Single-species approaches.
Flagship, keystone, umbrella
+
Focal species approach, systematically selected + + + +
Focal species selected by regional experts + + + +
Landscape species approach + _ +
Multispecies reserve selection optimizations _ + _ _ + + +
Conservation action planning (CAP) _
+
_ _ _ _
+