Table 1. Values used to derive parameters for baseline model.

Measure Description
Average value
Units
        Source
Algae Average algae biomass
100,000.0
kg/km2
Polovina (1984), Hughes et al. (1987), McClanahan (1992, 1995), Polunin (1996)
Coral Average coral biomass
45,000.0
kg/km2
McClanahan (1995)
Fish growth Average reef fish growth
60.0
kg·km-2·d-1
Odum and Odum (1955), Lewis (1981), Edmunds and Spencer (1986), McClanahan (1995), Polunin (1996)
Herbivore growth Herbivorous fish growth resulting from algae consumption
40.0
kg·km-2·d-1
McClanahan (1992)
Piscivore growth Piscivorous fish growth resulting from herbivorous fish consumption
20.0
kg·km-2·d-1
Polunin (1996), McClanahan (1995)
Piscivore density dependence
Density dependent effect of piscivores on piscivores
9.8
kg·km-2·d-1
Polunin (1996), McClanahan (1995)
Algae growth Average algae growth per day
10,000.0
kg·km-2·d-1
Wanders (1976), Atkinson and Grigg (1984), Berner (1990), McClanahan (1995) Polunin (1996)
Coral growth Average coral growth per day
6000.0
kg·km-2·d-1
Wanders (1976), Atkinson and Grigg (1984), Berner (1990), McClanahan (1995), Polunin (1996)
Algae on
coral
Effect of algae on coral
6000.0
kg·km-2·d-1
Atkinson and Grigg (1984), McClanahan (1995)
Coral on
algae
Effect of coral on algae
3000.0
kg·km-2·d-1
 
Herbivores
on algae
Effect of herbivores on algae
7000.0
kg·km-2·d-1
Polunin (1996), McClanahan (1992)
Piscivores on herbivores Effect of piscivores on herbivores
30.0
kg·km-2·d-1
Polunin (1996), McClanahan (1992)
Humans on herbivores Effect of humans on herbivorous fish
2.0
kg·km-2·person-1·d-1 Jennings and Polunin (1996), Polunin and Klumpp (1989), Dalzell (1996)
Humans on piscivores Effect of humans on piscivorous fish
3.0
kg·km-2·person-1·d-1 Jennings and Polunin (1996), Polunin and Klumpp (1989), Dalzell (1996)