Table 2. Overview of main characteristics of the Orange and Rhine river basins

Basin Basin Area
(103 km2)
River Length (km) Average discharge at mouth (m3/s) Countries Main river/
water users
Main issues
Orange 948 2200 95 South Africa
Namibia
Botswana
Lesotho
• Irrigation /
   agriculture
• Environmental
   demands
• Power generation
• Industry
• Domestic use
• Water availability /
   allocation
• (Interbasin) water
   transfers
• Droughts
             
Rhine 198 § 100 2200 Germany Netherlands
Switzerland
France
Austria Luxembourg
Belgium
Liechtenstein
Italy
• Navigation
• Irrigation /
   agriculture
• Industry
• Power generation
• Domestic use
• Waste water
   disposal
• Recreation

• Pollution / water quality
• Floods
• Ecological restoration

Based on Wolf et al. (1999)
Interpretation of graph of discharge at downstream location (South Africa Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism. 1999. National State of the Environment Report). [online] URL: http://www.ngo.grida.no/soesa/nsoer/issues/water/state2.htm#rivers)
§ Based on Coördineringscomité Rijn. 2005. Internationaal stroomgebiedsdistrict Rijn - Kenmerken, beoordeling van de milieueffecten van menselijke activiteiten en economische analyse van het watergebruik (Deel A = overkoepelend deel, stand 18-03-05). [online] URL: http://www.kaderrichtlijnwater.nl/