Table 4. Average annual cash income (millions IDR) for (a) local households, and (b) migrant households; and percentage contribution of each activity to annual income, under four different scenarios

Simulation results – 2027 Simulation results – 2047
(a) Local householdsStart of simulation (2007) 1. No plantation 2. Forest clearing without oil palm planting 3. Plantation development with 0.1 jobs/ha 4. Plantation development with 0.2 jobs/ha 1. No plantation 2. Forest clearing without oil palm planting 3. Plantation development with 0.1 jobs/ha 4. Plantation development with 0.2 jobs/ha
Average annual hh income
(in millions IDR)
7.8 8.2 9.3 14.6 16.6 8.4 6.7 10.7 13.8
Share from:
Agriculture 28% 27% 32% 27% 28% 27% 34% 41% 43%
Forest products 29% 26% 10% 11% 9% 24% 0% 4% 2%
Timber, plantation, and mining jobs 7% 4% 4% 15% 20% 3% 4% 12% 17%
Civil service jobs 24% 23% 31% 19% 19% 20% 29% 21% 21%
Trade and service 9% 17% 15% 10% 9% 26% 33% 21% 16%
Timber fees 3% 2% 8% 18% 15% 1% 1% 1% 1%


Simulation results – 2027 Simulation results – 2047
(b) Migrant householdsStart of simulation (2007) 1. No plantation 2. Forest clearing without oil palm planting 3. Plantation development with 0.1 jobs/ha 4. Plantation development with 0.2 jobs/ha 1. No plantation 2. Forest clearing without oil palm planting 3. Plantation development with 0.1 jobs/ha 4. Plantation development with 0.2 jobs/ha
Average annual hh income
(in millions IDR)
13.8 13.6 19.4 22.3 23.6 13.8 11.2 19.5 21.8
Share from:
Agriculture 11% 13% 10% 10% 12% 14% 20% 19% 26%
Forest products 2% 2% 0% 1% 0% 2% 0% 0% 0%
Timber, plantation, and mining jobs 37% 24% 54% 57% 57% 16% 5% 37% 34%
Civil service jobs 11% 12% 2% 3% 3% 10% 3% 3% 3%
Trade and service 39% 49% 34% 30% 28% 58% 71% 41% 37%
Timber fees 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%