Table 4. Evidence of success results summary. ACM= adaptive co-management.


Evidence of successful ACM identified in round one:

Importance assigned by the expert panel in round two:

Importance assigned by the expert panel in round three:

Mean SD % = Percent of expert panelists who ranked ≥ 4

Mean

SD % = Percent of expert panelists who ranked ≥ 4
Conservation/sustainable resource use and ecosystem health 5.70 1.29 96.7 5.59 1.40 93.1
Equitable distribution of resources, i.e., benefits and burdens 5.17 1.53 86.6 5.17 1.26 93.0
A process in which stakeholders and government develop, implement, learn, and make adjustments in pursuit of a more resilient socioecological system 5.43 1.63 86.6 5.59 1.30 96.5
Incorporation of multiple sources of information and types of knowledge 4.87 1.41 83.3 4.97 1.12 93.0
Evaluation/monitoring of management actions through reflection aimed at learning and making subsequent modifications 5.45 1.24 89.6 5.62 1.08 96.4
Persistence or durability of the ACM arrangement 4.80 1.97 76.6 5.07 1.58 86.1
Commitment, trust, i.e., social capital, and integrity amongst participants 5.03 1.45 86.6 5.03 1.35 93.1
Robustness to solve or overcome challenges, e.g., ecological, economic, legal 5.53 1.10 96.7 5.79 0.787 100.0
Balance/negotiation of conflicts, stakeholder needs, and options for the future 4.83 1.42 86.6 4.83 1.04 93.1
The incremental achievement of the agreed upon intent, which is place specific 4.69 1.56 79.2 4.75 1.24 89.3
The benefits associated with ACM arrangement exceed the full cost of it or the alternative of a more centralized approach 3.93 1.68 63.3
A more resilient socioecological system capable of buffering exogenous shocks or internal failures 5.17 1.80 83.3 5.34 1.42 93.0
Sensitive to context and situation 4.38 1.76 72.3
Empowering the actors involved, fostering ecological and social justice, and achieving credible sustainability objectives, e.g., poverty alleviation, future options 5.43 1.43 86.7 5.41 1.24 96.4
Implementation of legalized decisions and higher level of rule compliance 4.43 1.25 76.7 4.21 1.37 75.8
Shared authority, clear role and responsibility definition and recognition 4.80 1.35 86.7 4.90 1.11 93.1
Evidence of explicit experimentation, feedback, and modification, i.e., adaptation 5.27 1.17 93.3 5.31 0.85 100
Inclusion and effective participation in the process 5.23 1.31 86.7 5.41 0.87 96.6
Effective two-way communication 4.97 1.55 86.2 5.25 1.14 96.4
Consensus among stakeholders on priorities, approaches, and collective actions 4.47 1.57 83.3 4.31 1.39 82.8
Flexibility of the institution; forming and disbanding when required 4.60 1.40 76.7 4.55 1.38 79.2