Table 2. Evaluation criteria applied to each of the tools reviewed: use.

Tools  
Does it identify stakeholders or their relative importance?
 
Does it elicit knowledge?
 
Does it elicit values?
 
Is it flexible or narrow in use?
 
Does it help deal with culturally sensitive issues?
 
What formats does it produce?
 
Is it analytic or creative?
Bayesian belief network and system dynamic model  
Yes
 
Yes
 
Not usually
 
Narrow
 
No
 
Highly varied from maps to text
 
Both
Discourse-based valuation  
No
 
Not usually
 
Yes
 
Narrow
 
Yes
 
Tables
 
Analytic
4Rs framework  
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Narrow
 
Yes
 
Tables
 
Analytic
Participatory mapping  
No
 
Yes
 
No
 
Flexible
 
No
 
Maps drawn on paper or the ground
 
Analytic
Pebble Distribution Method  
Not usually
 
No
 
Yes
 
Flexible
 
Possible
 
Tables; numbers; explanatory statements
 
Analytic
Future scenario  
Not usually
 
Yes
 
No
 
Narrow
 
No
 
Stories and drawings
 
Both
Spidergram  
Yes, but not their relationships
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Flexible
 
Yes
 
Figures; tables
 
Analytic
Venn diagram  
Yes
 
Depends on use
 
Yes
 
Flexible
 
Depends on use
 
Drawings
 
Both
Who Counts Matrixes  
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Narrow
 
Depends on use
 
Tables
 
Analytic
In the context of spatial representations.