Table 1. An overview of the general balance of the Water Framework Directive (WFD) articles and annexes among cognitive, normative, and instrumental dimensions.

 

Titles of articles and annexes Number of words Dominant dimension
1 Purpose 297 Normative
2 Definitions 1.601 Cognitive
3 Coordination of administrative arrangements within river basin districts 487 Instrumental
4 Environmental objectives 1.972 Normative
5 Characteristics of the river basin district, review of the environmental impact of human activity, and economic analysis of water use 147 Instrumental
6 Register of protected area 139 Instrumental
7 Waters used for the abstraction of drinking water 225 Normative
8 Monitoring of surface water status, groundwater status, and protected areas 206 Normative
9 Recovery of costs for water services 367 Normative
10 The combined approach for point and diffuse sources 262 Normative
11 Programme of measures 1.541 Instrumental
12 Issues which can not be dealt with at Member State level 87 Instrumental
13 River basin management plans 307 Instrumental
14 Public information and consultation 238 Instrumental
15 Reporting 193 Instrumental
16 Strategies against pollution of water 1.074 Normative
17 Strategies to prevent and control pollution of groundwater 275 Instrumental
18 Commission report 385 Instrumental
19 Plans for future Community measures 111 Instrumental
20 Technical adaptations to the Directive 116 Instrumental
21 Regulatory committee 72 Instrumental
22 Repeals and transitional provisions 509 Instrumental
23 Penalties 34 Normative
24 Implementation 110 Instrumental
25 Entry into force 33 Instrumental
26 Addresses 26 Instrumental
     
Total number of articles’ words and rate of dimensions 10.814 C = 15, N = 41, I = 44
I Information required for the list of competent authorities 239 Instrumental
II No title: water body typology 2910 Cognitive
III Economic analysis 145 Normative
IV Protected areas 222 Instrumental
V No title: definition, monitoring and classification of the water status 11612 Cognitive
VI Lists of measures to be included within the programmes of measures 333 Instrumental
VII River basin management plans 898 Instrumental
VIII Indicative list of main pollutants 135 Cognitive
IX Emission limit values and environmental quality standards 109 Normative
XI No title: ecoregion maps 125 Cognitive
     
Total number of annexes’ words and rate of dimensions 16.728 C = 88, N = 2, I = 10
Total number of words and rate of dimensions 27.542 C = 59, N = 17, I = 24