Appendix 2. Themes and Subthemes.

Table A2-1. The main themes and subthemes to emerge from the Scottish policy context case study, the source for naming these themes/subthemes, and the main SLIM variables that are illuminated by a subtheme.

Theme title
Subthemes
Main source of subtheme
Main variables in the SLIM heuristic illuminated by theme
History of water management situation in Scotland
 


N.A.
Desk study supplemented by interview data
History of situation
 
Institutions and policies
Ecological and water management issues shaping practices
Fish and fisheries
 
Land management practices
 
Forestry and acidification
 
Agriculture
 
Upland grazing
 


Interviewee- and other stakeholder-nominated themes
Ecological constraints
 
History of situation
 
Institutions and policies
The Water Framework Directive (WFD)
Origins of the WFD: a perspective from Scotland
 
Is the WFD a sectoral policy despite its holistic intent?
 
Does the WFD enshrine a set of processes that, at the end of the day, can only be resolved by human judgment about the “Nature” we construct?
 
Has the translation of the WFD into an implementation strategy established organizational “silos?”
 
Implementing the WFD: Will the implementers be prepared to proceed in such a way that it can be seen as a learning process open to adaptation and change?
 


Researcher-derived themes from interviews, except for first subtheme, which was primarily interviewee-nominated
History of situation
 
Institutions and policies
 
Ecological constraints
The “bewitching” of the Scottish Water Bill
Building stakeholding
 
The gold-plating metaphor
 
Exploiting the legislative process
 
The significance of the committee structure in the Scottish Parliament
 
Facilitation
 
Integrating institutional arrangements
 
Changes that were achieved: judging effectiveness
 


Interviewees and researcher
History of situation
 
Institutions and policies
 
Ecological constraints
 
Facilitation
 
Stakeholders and stakeholding
River basin management planning in Scotland: prospects
Policy as praxis: the threat of technical and instrumental rationalities
 
Establishing sub-basins in Scotland
 
Doing river basin management planning
Researcher-derived from interviews
History of situation
 
Institutions and policies
 
Ecological constraints
 
Facilitation
 
Stakeholders and stakeholding
 


The coming “planjam”: policy conflict, confusion, or synergy?
Problems of integration
 
Integration with agriculture
 
Integration of flooding and river basin planning
 
Skills and capacity
 
Participation and integration
 
Integration as praxis
 


Interviewees and researcher
History of situation
 
Institutions and policies
 
Ecological constraints
 
Facilitation
 
Stakeholders and stakeholding
Platform forms and processes
Emerging platforms associated with water
 
Promising platform configurations and processes
Interviewees and desk research
Researcher-derived from interviews
Institutions and policies
 
History of situation
 
Stakeholders and stakeholding
 


Other emergent themes
The role of science and scientists
 
Identity and place: social research
Interviewees and researcher
Ecological constraints
 
Stakeholders and stakeholding