Fig. 4. From ecological processes to the stakeholders’ practices. A part of the interdisciplinary research project carried out on the same woodlots of southwestern France: 1) on the left, ecological studies of biodiversity, with plots identifying locations of individual birds of different species represented by different colors, 2) in the middle, forestry studies of woodlot structure, represented by polygons of different tree composition and structure, and by dots for valuable standard trees, and 3) on the right, ethnological studies of stakeholders’ motivations and relationships, represented by the three main stakeholders (owner, user, neighbor) and their interactions (du Bus de Warnaffe et al. 2006).