Table 1. Livelihood indicators at household and community levels.

Asset
Household level indicators
Community level indicators
Natural
  • Physical access to the target resource
  • Legal access to the target resource
  • Control over the target resource
  • Target resource stock
Physical
  • Shelter and household possessions
  • Means of transportation
  • Ownership/access to production and processing equipment
  • Local infrastructure
  • Communication facilities
Human
  • Health and nutritional status
  • Endogenous, i.e., “traditional,” skills
  • Exogenous, i.e., “modern,” skills
  • Access to information
  • Effective community organization
Financial
  • Household income level
  • Regularizing income
  • Household savings
  • Access to credit
  • Community financial resources
  • Access to employment
Social
  • Endogenous social resources, i.e., cohesion and confidence
  • Exogenous social resources, i.e., contacts and bargaining power
  • Political power
  • Socio-cultural cohesion
  • Leverage with outside agents
Equity
  • Equitable access to the target resource within household
  • Equitable access to physical assets within household
  • Empowerment of women
  • Equitable access to human assets within household
  • Equitable access to financial assets within household
  • Equitable access to forest resources within the community
  • Equitable physical access to the target species within the community
  • Equitable access to physical assets within the community
  • Equitable access to education within the community