Fig. 4. Elasticity values for transition elements, or the relative contribution of each transition element to λ, the finite population growth rate at stability. Because the elasticities of λ to all of the elements in a matrix sum to 100%, the elasticity of λ to a given element may be interpreted as the relative importance of that element to λ. The transition elements are on the horizontal axis. The survivorship, growth, and fecundity elasticities are labeled. The stage classes are abbreviated as follows: S is for seedlings, J is for juvenile, and A1, A2, and A3 are for Adults 1, 2, 3, respectively. S-S means seedling survivorship and permanence in the seedling size class. S-J means seedling to juvenile transition. A1-S means the fecundity of the A1 size class. Values are the means of 2000 bootstrap runs.