Table 2. Core institutions involved in the Omora initiative at local (L) regional (R), national (N), and/or international (I) levels. The main functions of each institution are pointed out for each scale.

Institution
Level(s) of action
Main Function
Omora NGO
All
Responsible for the creation of the Omora Park and consistency of the initiative; legal holder of the Park’s land concession; and owner of the land for the future Omora Center Biocultural Conservation and Environmental Philosophy.
University of Magallanes
All
Co-responsible party for the overall initiative; co-holder of land concession; established a branch of the university in Puerto Williams.
Chilean Land Ministry
N
Oversees and grants the free concession of the land for the Omora Park.
R
Monitors the fulfillment of the objectives in the renewable 50-yr concession contract.
Indigenous Yahgan Community
L
Co-designer and co-implementer of the Omora park; collaborative research on traditional ecological knowledge; joint intercultural educational programs, ecotourism, and other sustainable development projects.
Government Office of the Chilean Antarctic Province
L-R
Political coordination with other public services and ministries; policy making for the Cape Horn Region; overseeing public and private investment in development; and establishing criteria for sustainable tourism.
Municipality of Cape Horn
L- R
Supervisor and supporter of Omora activities at the local school; collaboration in the implementation of Agenda 21.
Chilean National Environmental Commission (CONAMA)
L-R
Joint workshops and preparation of television programs and educational materials for the Regional Environmental Education Program; partnership in the Environmental Certification Program for Regional schools.
N
Implementation of the Chile Trail, its southernmost section lies within the Omora Park; definition of Priority Sites for the Protection of Biodiversity.
I
Collaboration in Chile’s program for the implementation of the Convention of Biological Diversity.
Chilean National Forestry Service (CONAF)
L-R
Elaboration and overseeing of forestry management plans, especially for firewood.
N
Administration of the System of National Protected Areas, including national parks and reserves.
I
Focal Point of the Man and Biosphere Program (UNESCO) in Chile.
Wildlife Department of the Chilean Agriculture and Livestock Service (SAG).
L-R
Partnership and scientific advising in the Invasive Exotic Fauna Control Program for the Magellanic Region; collaboration in the enforcement of hunting laws, and regulations associated with development of a sustainable regional cuisine based on native and exotic fauna and flora.
N
Collaboration regarding bird-banding programs in Chile, and control of exotic species in general.
Chilean Tourism Office (SERNATUR)
R-N
Joint development of innovative topics, narratives and information for ecotourism (see Table 3).

Universities and research institutions

L-R
Collaboration with regional museums, public libraries, and the Chilean Antarctic Institute (INACH).
N
Millennium Center for Advanced Studies in Biodiversity and Ecological Research, University of Chile, National Museum of Natural History, and Senda Darwin Foundation provide a continuous source of graduate students and researchers at the Omora Park. The Andrés Bello University also supplies faculty and students in the area of ecotourism.
I
Main partners for conducting interdisciplinary research are: Center for Biodiversity and Conservation, University of Connecticut, USA, Institute of Ecology, University of Georgia, USA, UFZ Center for Environmental Research, Germany, Center for Social Sciences and Ecotourism, University of the Sunshine Coast, Australia, Conservation and Ecotourism Program, University for International Cooperation, Costa Rica, International Centre for Protected Landscapes, UK, Department of Philosophy, University of North Texas, USA, and the New York Botanical Garden, USA.
Networks
I
  • In 2000, Omora park was involved in the creation of the Latin American Network of Ethnobotanical Sister Gardens,a in which Omora Park is the most southern representative.
  • In terms of education, Omora’s participation in the Latin American Network of Schoolyard Ecology, coordinated by the National Audubon Society,b stimulates continuous renewal and exchange of activities and materials.
  • Regarding sustainable development, since 2001 Omora Park is part of the Avina Foundation Network for Ibero-America,c which promotes cooperation between leaders of civil society and the private sector to develop long-term solutions in the communities they serve.
  • For conservation, partnership with the Ibero-American Biosphere Reserve Network,d have been central for the elaboration of the proposal of the UNESCO Cape Horn Biosphere
Volunteer Programs
L-R-I
International volunteer programs such as Teaching and Projects Abroade or the Earthwatch Institutef have been very valuable in creating a dialogue between local and international students, and helping provide continuity to long-term projects such as the banding program of forest birds at the Omora Park, which has completed 6 yr of continuous data on bird populations of Navarino Island (Anderson and Rozzi 2000, Anderson et al. 2002, Ippi et al., unpublished manuscript). Volunteer opportunities also aide in the formation of students from the University of Magallanes.
a http://www.uga.edu/ethnobot/Sis.html.
b http://www.audubon.org.
c http://www.avina.net.
d http://www.uci.ac.cr/especiales/rirb.asp.
e http://www.teaching-abroad.co.uk/destinations/tpa_in/chile.php.
f http://www.earthwatch.org.