Table 2. Observed resilience-building strategies in Koh Sralao and in Kompong Phluk


Observed resilience-building strategy
Observed examples for each strategy in Koh Sralao (KS) and in Kompong Phluk (KP)
Scale1



HH
Village
National
Learning to live with change and uncertainty
Learning from crisis
Mangrove depletion encouraged conservation KS
X
XX
X


Fishery decline led to rethinking local actions KS/KP
X
XX
X

Building rapid feedback capacity
Moving seasonally with changes in water levels KP
XX
X



Monitoring weather KP
XX




Monitoring general environment KS/KP
X
XX


Building a portfolio of livelihood options
Back-up gear KP
XX




Using social networks KP
XX
X



Exchange labor KP
XX




Diversification into non-fishing activities KS
XX
X


Developing coping strategies
Mobility KS
XX




Money lenders KP/KS
XX




Dried fish KP
X


Nurturing learning and adapting
Nurturing ecological memory as a source of innovation and novelty
Protecting forests near community KS/KP
X
XX
X


Growing fingerlings for aquaculture KP
XX




Creating fish sanctuary KS/KP
X
XX


Nurturing social memory as a source of innovation and novelty
How people have adapted to “Dragon Floods” that occur approximately every 12 years KP
X

X


Recalling impact of fewer trees KS
X
XX


Nurturing a diversity of institutions to respond to an ever-changing environment
Local resource management committees KS/KP
X
XX



Involving commune councils in resource management work KS/KP

X
XX

Creating political space for experimentation
Decentralization mandate supports local initiatives KS/KP


XX


Inputting into 2005 “Community Fisheries Sub-decree” KS/KP

X
XX
Creating opportunity for self-organization
Building capacity for user self-organization
NGOs working with communities KS/KP

X
XX

Building conflict management mechanisms
Solving gear theft KS

XX



Patrolling for illegal activities KS/KP

X
X

Self-organizing in response to external drivers
Taking advantage of market opportunities KS/KP
XX


1 HH = Household, X = observed, XX = strongly observed, – = not applicable