Table 5. Parameter estimates for the full path model for each region.

Effect variable
Cause variables
Pumicestone
Douglas


Standardized parameter estimate
t value
R2
Standardized parameter estimate
t value
R2
Waterway visits
Health limitations
0.10
2.55
0.18
0.07
1.62
0.05

Distance from waterways
-0.47
-7.21

-0.18
-3.77


Perceived water quality
0.03
1.29

-0.01
-0.31

Physical place attachment
Interaction
0.13
4.37
0.19
0.002
0.09
0.13
Networks
0.07
1.03

0.21
4.78


Waterway visits
0.25
3.55

0.18
3.51


Length of residence
0.11
1.47

0.17
2.86

Social place attachment
Interaction
0.23
7.50
0.27
0.12
4.69
0.17
Networks
0.22
3.14

0.18
3.51


Length of residence
0.25
3.04

0.26
3.80

Place belonging
Networks
0.12
2.44
0.37
0.11
2.23
0.35

Physical place
0.45
8.23

0.55
7.96


Social place
0.21
4.32

0.15
2.54


Trust
0.07
1.45

0.18
3.06


Reciprocity
-0.02
-0.43

0.21
3.30


Length of residence
0.11
1.57

0.21
2.72

Place commitment
Physical place
0.33
7.52
0.26
0.34
6.57
0.22

Social place
0.13
3.26

0.17
3.76


Reciprocity
0.05
1.40

0.12
2.64


Length of residence
-0.05
-0.85

-0.04
-0.62

Place dependence
Interaction
0.09
3.10
0.50
0.04
1.45
0.39

Physical place
0.72
11.93

0.79
9.62


Social place
0.22
3.91

0.23
3.19


Trust
0.1
1.85

0.22
3.11


Reciprocity
-0.07
-1.31

0.16
2.10


Length of residence
0.03
0.43

0.36
3.82

Social interaction
Waterway visits
0.86
6.06
0.20
0.47
3.62
0.07

Distance from waterways
-0.47
-2.77

-0.32
-2.56


Length of residence
0.41
2.87

0.26
1.83

Networks
Interaction
0.11
4.51
0.12
0.16
6.64
0.16

Length of residence
0.20
2.92

0.11
1.67


Community involvement
0.05
1.87

0.13
4.03

Community involvement
Place commitment
0.30
2.38
0.05
0.31
3.50
0.05
Waterway visits
0.32
2.54

0.07
0.70

Trust
Networks
0.22
3.05
0.07
0.04
0.75
0.06

Social interaction
0.06
1.74

0.02
0.89


Social place
0.02
0.34

0.19
3.66

Reciprocity
Networks
0.21
2.77
0.10
0.18
3.61
0.17

Interaction
0.06
1.61

0.08
3.10


Social place
0.15
2.35

0.20
4.17

Health
Place belonging
0.09
2.87
0.39
0.02
0.94
0.35

Networks
0.03
0.82

0.04
1.42


Trust
0.02
0.68

0.05
1.80


Health limitations
0.37
12.88

0.37
12.71


Community involvement
-0.02
-0.98

0.07
3.64


Waterway visits
-0.06
-1.36

0.06
1.61

Quality of life
Place belonging
0.16
5.34
0.34
0.10
4.84
0.33

Networks
0.15
4.27

0.11
4.05


Trust
0.05
1.68

0.08
2.85


Health limitations
0.23
8.54

0.23
8.36


Community involvement
-0.004
-0.24

0.04
2.11


Waterway visits
-0.02
-0.43

0.08
2.56

† a t-value of greater than 1.96 is significant at p <0.05.