Table 2. Survey items and corresponding latent variables.

Latent variable Survey item
Recreational visits Number of visits to each waterway in the last 12 mo
   
Length of residence Number of years lived in area
   
Age Age in years
   
Social place attachment I can recognise most of the people who live in this area.
When shopping in my local area, I am likely to run into people I know.
   
Physical place attachment There are places in this area that are special to me.
I enjoy visiting places in this area.
   
Place belonging I feel I belong in this area.
I would like to continue living in this area.
   
Place commitment I would like to contribute to making this area a better place to live.
If there was a problem in this area I would help to fix it.
   
Place dependence This area is my favorite place to be.
I really miss this area when I’m away for too long. †
This area means a lot to me. ‡
   
Social interaction, experience Visiting a waterway for recreation allows me to catch up with other locals.
Visiting a waterway for recreation allows me to be with friends or family.
   
Social interaction, casual contact When visiting a waterway for recreation, how often do you run into people you know?
When visiting a waterway for recreation, how many people who you know, would you normally see?
   
Social networks How often do you generally see or talk with friends or family?
How many close friends or family do you have?
   
Community involvement How often do you attend meetings, e.g., a church, sporting, craft, or social club?
How often do you perform voluntary work, e.g. environmental, educational, civic, volunteer work?
   
Health and quality of life In general, how would you rate your overall health?
In general, how would you rate your quality of life?
   
Health limitations How much do physical problems limit your usual activities?
How much do personal or emotional problems limit your usual activities?
   
Trust Most people can be trusted.
If I lost a purse or wallet, it would be returned with the money in it, if it was found.
   
Reciprocity If I don’t have something I need I can borrow it from a neighbor.
I lend things and do favors for my neighbors.
   
Perceived waterway condition Considering everything, how would you rate the overall condition of the following waterways?
How would you rate the waterways in terms of the quality of the water?
How would you rate the waterways in terms of the vegetation along the shores?
How would you rate the waterways in terms of the number and variety of animals?
How would you rate the waterways in terms of the chances of people getting sick? †
† Pumicestone region only
‡ Douglas region only