Table 1. Comparison of ecological variables inside and outside periodic closure areas.


Muluk

Kakarotan

Inside
SE
Outside
SE
F
P

Inside
SE
Outside
SE
F
P
Target fish spp. average size (cm total length)
11.1
0.2
8.9
0.3
28.8
0.001

10.3
0.3
8.9
0.2
13.8
0.02
Average fish trophic level (by weight)
2.7
0
2.5
0
3.3
0.001

2.4
0
2.3
0.1
4.2
NS
Coral recruits (density per m2)
4.7
0.4
7.6
0.7
12.7
0.007

1.1
0.4
0.4
0.1
2.6
NS
Target fish spp. biomass (kg/ha)
377.6
12.2
301.1
28.4
6.1
0.038

139.1
4.6
101.3
10.4
11.1
0.03
Discarded fishing gears (density/ha)
11.1
11.1
44.4
11.1
4.5
0.07

2.9
2.9
79.8
43.7

<0.05U
Giant clams (density/ha)
410
288
0
0

0.01U

316.7
120.2
450
104.1
0.7
NS
Recently damaged coral (% of live coral cover x 10-3)
0
0
1.1
0.2

0.01U

8.6
6.1
0
0

NSU
Dominant coral genera
Acropora

Porites


NA

Porites

Porites


NA
Dominant coral genera (% of total hard coral cover)
29.6
2
31.4
4.5

NA

53.6
4.3
44.4
14.6

NA
Maximum # of coral genera
47

51


NA

37

35


NA
Target fish abundance (density/ha)
3065.3
507.4
3004
395.4
0.1
NS

1971.1
112.8
2026.7
358.2
0.1
NS
Fish species richness per site (CFDI)
79.4
8
82.2
6.5
0.1
NS

82.3
3.78
87.3
5.2
0.6
NS
Hard coral % cover
35.3
4.2
40.8
4.5
0.8
NS

5.2
0.3
4
2.1
0.1
NS
Coral diversity (D)
0.8
0
0.8
0
0.9
NS
 
0.6
0.1
0.7
0.1
0.5
NS