Table 5. Calculation of residual CPI based upon a regression of CPI 2002 and logarithm GDP per capita for 2000.

CPI: scale of 0 (most corrupt) to 10 (least corrupt).



Predicted

Residual


Country
CPI 2002
CPI
CPI
Log GDP/capita
Albania
2.5
3.4548
-0.9548
3.5448
Angola
1.7
2.6286
-0.9286
3.3398
Argentina
2.8
5.6629
-2.8629
4.0926
Australia
8.6
6.9415
1.6585
4.4098
Austria
7.8
7.0131
0.7869
4.4276
Azerbaijan
2
3.1442
-1.1442
3.4678
Bangladesh
1.2
2.0837
-0.8837
3.2047
Belgium
7.1
7.0399
0.0601
4.4342
Bolivia
2.2
2.8087
-0.6087
3.3845
Botswana
6.4
4.7106
1.6894
3.8564
Brazil
4
4.8149
-0.8149
3.8822
Bulgaria
4
4.3086
-0.3086
3.7566
Cameroon
2.2
2.1907
0.0093
3.2312
Canada
9
7.0820
1.9180
4.4447
Chile
7.5
5.1844
2.3156
3.9739
China
3.5
3.6750
-0.1750
3.5994
Colombia
3.6
4.4663
-0.8663
3.7957
Costa Rica
4.5
5.0357
-0.5357
3.9370
Cote d’Ivoire
2.7
2.1140
0.5860
3.2122
Croatia
3.8
4.9188
-1.1188
3.9080
Czech Republic
3.7
5.8775
-2.1775
4.1458
Denmark
9.5
7.0686
2.4314
4.4413
Dominican Rep.
3.5
4.4050
-0.9050
3.7805
Ecuador
2.2
3.2965
-1.0965
3.5056
Egypt
3.4
3.5180
-0.1180
3.5605
El Salvador
3.4
3.8906
-0.4906
3.6529
Estonia
5.6
5.3011
0.2989
4.0029
Ethiopia
3.5
0.5524
2.9476
2.8248
Finland
9.7
6.8934
2.8066
4.3979
France
6.3
6.8384
-0.5384
4.3842
Germany
7.3
6.9009
0.3991
4.3997
Ghana
3.9
2.4403
1.4597
3.2931
Greece
4.2
6.1664
-1.9664
4.2175
Guatemala
2.5
3.6054
-1.1054
3.5822
Haiti
2.2
1.9296
0.2704
3.1664
Honduras
2.7
2.8295
-0.1295
3.3897
Hungary
4.9
5.6684
-0.7684
4.0940
Iceland
9.4
7.1882
2.2118
4.4710
India
2.7
2.7604
-0.0604
3.3725
Indonesia
1.9
3.2068
-1.3068
3.4833
Ireland
6.9
7.2050
-0.3050
4.4752
Israel
7.3
6.5145
0.7855
4.3039
Italy
5.2
6.7947
-1.5947
4.3734
Jamaica
4
3.5200
0.4800
3.5610
Japan
7.1
7.0124
0.0876
4.4274
Jordan
4.5
3.6706
0.8294
3.5984
Kazakhstan
2.3
4.3573
-2.0573
3.7687
Kenya
1.9
1.2968
0.6032
3.0095
Latvia
3.7
4.6764
-0.9764
3.8479
Lithuania
4.8
4.6915
0.1085
3.8516
Madagascar
1.7
0.9535
0.7465
2.9243
Malawi
2.9
0.4077
2.4923
2.7889
Malaysia
4.9
5.1183
-0.2183
3.9575
Mexico
3.6
5.1096
-1.5096
3.9554
Moldova
2.1
2.5650
-0.4650
3.3241
Morocco
3.7
3.4746
0.2254
3.5497
Namibia
5.7
4.5168
1.1832
3.8083
Netherlands
9
6.9391
2.0609
4.4092
New Zealand
9.5
6.5091
2.9909
4.3025
Nicaragua
2.5
2.7663
-0.2663
3.3740
Nigeria
1.6
1.0665
0.5335
2.9523
Norway
8.5
7.2080
1.2920
4.4759
Pakistan
2.6
2.4079
0.1921
3.2851
Panama
3
4.3953
-1.3953
3.7782
Paraguay
1.7
3.8627
-2.1627
3.6460
Peru
4
4.0044
-0.0044
3.6812
Philippines
2.6
3.6728
-1.0728
3.5989
Poland
4
5.1150
-1.1150
3.9567
Portugal
6.3
6.2481
0.0519
4.2378
Romania
2.6
4.5146
-1.9146
3.8077
Russia
2.7
4.9796
-2.2796
3.9231
Senegal
3.1
1.9801
1.1199
3.1790
Slovak Republic
3.7
5.4947
-1.7947
4.0509
Slovenia
6
6.2559
-0.2559
4.2397
South Africa
4.8
5.1815
-0.3815
3.9732
South Korea
4.5
6.2572
-1.7572
4.2400
Spain
7.1
6.4562
0.6438
4.2894
Sri Lanka
3.7
3.4667
0.2333
3.5478
Sweden
9.3
6.8423
2.4577
4.3852
Switzerland
8.5
7.1395
1.3605
4.4589
Tanzania
2.7
0.1240
2.5760
2.7185
Thailand
3.2
4.5089
-1.3089
3.8063
Trinidad & Tobago
4.9
5.0981
-0.1981
3.9525
Tunisia
4.8
4.4982
0.3018
3.8037
Turkey
3.2
4.6587
-1.4587
3.8435
Uganda
2.1
1.5895
0.5105
3.0821
Ukraine
2.4
3.6031
-1.2031
3.5816
United Kingdom
8.7
6.7860
1.9140
4.3712
Uruguay
5.1
5.1120
-0.0120
3.9559
USA
7.7
7.4392
0.2608
4.5333
Uzbekistan
2.9
2.8209
0.0791
3.3876
Venezuela
2.5
4.3342
-1.8342
3.7630
Vietnam
2.4
2.4686
-0.0686
3.3002
Zambia
2.6
0.8237
1.7763
2.8921
Zimbabwe
2.7
2.9548
-0.2548
3.4208

Predicted CPI is based on a regression of CPI 2002 and logarithm GDP/capita for 2000.

Regression equation:

CPI = -10.884 + 4.0309 log (GDP/capita)

t-value (intercept) = -9.63 ****
t-value (slope) = 13.67 ***