Drivers of Change in Socio-Ecological Production Landscapes: Implications for Better Management
Hongyan Gu, Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences; United Nations University Institute for the Advanced Study of Sustainability
Suneetha M. Subramanian, United Nations University Institute for the Advanced Study of Sustainability
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The term socio-ecological production landscapes (SEPLs) has recently gained currency in conservation circles because of a recognized need to look beyond protected areas to the management of human-influenced landscapes and ecosystems. We have drawn on a variety of case studies from Asia and other parts of the world to understand the underlying driving forces that have led to the need for greater awareness and sustainable management of SEPLs. We have analyzed the drivers of these changes from socio-political, legal, economic, and socio-cultural perspectives. The analysis shows that SEPLs contribute to local, national, and global economies, and their production and harvesting processes are subject to external demands and pressures. Policy makers should recognize the wide range and diverse values of SEPLs and incorporate these values into broader policy considerations. We have also provided some suggestions for future studies.
case study; conservation; cultural landscapes; drivers of change; ecosystem approach; resilience