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E&S Home > Vol. 16, Iss. 1 > Art. 49 > Abstract Open Access Publishing 
Global Impacts of European Agricultural and Biofuel Policies

Anne Gerdien Prins, Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL)
Bas Eickhout, Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL); European Parliament
Martin Banse, Agricultural Economics Institute (LEI); Johann Heinrich von Thünen-Institute (vTI)
Hans van Meijl, Agricultural Economics Institute (LEI)
Willem Rienks, Rom3D, formerly Alterra, Research Institute for the Green Space, Wageningen University and Research Centre
Geert Woltjer, Agricultural Economics Institute (LEI)

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Abstract

Food supply and food distribution have been and are important issues in the global political arena. The recent emergence of biofuel policies has increased the influence of the policy arena on agricultural production. In this paper we show the regional impact of changes in the European Common Agricultural Policy and biofuel policy. Shifting trade patterns, changes in agricultural production, and expansion of agricultural area or intensification of agriculture result in changes in land use and land use emissions. Higher prices for agricultural crops on the world market together with changing production raise agricultural income. Brazil is the region the most affected. The results show that arrangements or policies will be needed to avoid negative impacts in other regions of changing agricultural or biofuel policies in the European Union.

Key words

agricultural income; biodiversity; biofuels; CAP reform; land use
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Ecology and Society. ISSN: 1708-3087