Ecology and Society Ecology and Society
E&S Home > Vol. 3, Iss. 1 > Art. 9 > Abstract Open Access Publishing 
Integrating Citizens in Adaptive Management: A Propositional Analysis

Bruce Shindler, Oregon State University
Kristin Aldred Cheek, University of Montana

Full Text: HTML   
Download Citation


Abstract

Lee has advocated for the use of civic science in the implementation of adaptive management experiments, noting that people and political processes are central features of adaptive approaches to land management. This paper explores the growing relationship between the public and forest management agencies, and uses a propositional analysis to guide methods for integrating citizens into adaptive management situations. Important characteristics are organized and discussed in six thematic areas. Citizen-agency interactions are more effective when (1) they are open and inclusive, (2) they are built on skilled leadership and interactive forums, (3) they include innovative and flexible methods, (4) involvement is early and continuous, (5) efforts result in action, and (6) they seek to build trust among participants. Particular attention to the situational context of actions and decisions helps to determine the relevance of adaptive management for individuals in these settings.

Key words

adaptive management, citizen-agency interactions, civic science, flexibility, forest management, inclusion, innovation, propositional analysis, public involvement.
Top
Ecology and Society. ISSN: 1708-3087